FANDOM


Language: English


Wood Elven
Total speakers: 160 000
Language family: Torgyrian
 Elven
  Wood Elven 
Writing system: Wood Elven cuneiforms (Dragoc)
High Elven alphabet (Artaburro)
various (diaspora)

Template:Infobox Language/IPA notice

Wood Elven is an Elven language, the official language of both the Kingdom of Dragoc and the Principality of Artaburro, as well as the language of Wood Elven diaspora all around Artograch.

The language has two main variants, the Dragoc variant and the Artaburro variant, which - other than religious terminology and political jargon - are mutually intelligible with each other, and differ only in pronunciation, with some slight diferences in vocabulary (the Dragoc variant being more purist, the Artaburro variant having more loanwords, higher exposure to foreign influence).

Evolution from Classical Wood Elven Edit

Consonants Edit

Classical Wood Elven Current Wood Elven
Dragoc Artaburro
/m/ [m]
/n/ [n]
/ɲ/ [ɲ]
/p [p]
/ɸ/ [h], [ɸ] before /u/, [ç] before /i/ and /j/ [h], [f] before /u/
/h/ (oreign phoneme) [h], [ç] before /i/ and /j/
/f/ (foreign phoneme) [ɸ] [f]
/b/ [b~β] [b]
/v/ (foreign phoneme) [v]
/t/ [t]
/d/ [d~ð] [d]
/t͡s/ [t͡s]
/s/ [s]
/d͡z/ [d͡z~z]
/z/
/t͡ɕ/ [t͡ɕ] [t͡ʃ]
/ɕ/ [ɕ] [ʃ]
/d͡ʑ/ [d͡ʑ~ʑ] [d͡ʒ]
/ʑ/
/r/ [ɾ̺~ɽ~ɺ̪~l̪~r] [ɾ~r]
/j/ [j]
/k/ [k]
/kʲ/ [kʲ]
/kʷ/ (foreign phoneme) [k] or [kw] [kʷ]
/g/ [g~ɣ] [g]
/gʲ/ [gʲ~ʝ] [gʲ]
/gʷ/ (foreign phoneme) [g] or [w] [gʷ]
/w/ [w]

Vowels Edit

Classical Wood Elven Current Wood Elven
Dragoc Artaburro
/a/ [a]
/aː/ [aː]
/o/ [ɔ]
/oː/ [oː]
/ɔː/
/e/ [ɛ]
/eː/ [eː]
/ɛː/
/i/ [i]
/iː/ [iː]
/u/ [ɨᵝ~u~y] [y]
/u2/ [u]
/uː/ [ɨᵝː~uː~yː] [yː]
/u2ː/ [uː]

Consonants Edit

Dragoc Edit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plain Sibilant Palatal Plain
Nasal m n ɲ
Stop Voiceless p t t͡s t͡ɕ k
Voiced b~β d~ð d͡z~z d͡ʑ~ʑ gʲ~ʝ g~ɣ
Fricative Voiceless ɸ s ɕ ç h
Voiced
Approximant / Flap w r* j
  • [ç] is the allophone of /h/ before /i/ and /j/
  • [ɸ] is the allophone of /h/ before /u/ in native words, but appears as a separate phoneme in foreign words.
  • The pronunciation of /r/:
    • Apico-alveolar / retroflex flap [ɾ̺~ɽ] before /a ɛ e i/ and when palatalized. Some younger males may also use a post-alveolar approximant [ɹ̠], especially in slang.
      • Some male speakers consistently use the apico-alveolar flap [ɾ̺], regardless of the following vowel.
    • Dental lateral flap / approximant [ɺ̪~l̪] before /ɔ o u/. The approximant is rare, mostly restricted to younger female speakers, especially singers.
      • Some female speakers may consistently use the dental lateral flap [ɺ̪], regardless of the following vowel.
    • In aggressive speech and cursing, the alveolar trill [r] is used. Some - mainly older - male speakers may consistently use the trill, even in normal speech, sometimes in formal speech too.


Artaburro Edit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plain Sibilant Palatal Plain Labial
Nasal m n ɲ
Stop Voiceless p t t͡s t͡ʃ k (kʷ)
Voiced b d d͡z~z d͡ʒ g (gʷ)
Fricative Voiceless f s ʃ ç h
Voiced (v)
Approximant / Flap r*, (l) j w
  • [ç] is the allophone of /h/ before /i/ and /j/
  • /v/, /kʷ/ and /gʷ/ appear only in High Elven and Etrandish loanwords.
  • Unlike in Dragoc Wood Elven, in Artaburro Wood Elven, /r/ and /l/ are distinct and phonemic.
    • /l/ appears only in loanwords, mainly from High Elven and Etrandish.
    • /r/ is realized as an alveolar flap/trill [ɾ~r], regardless of the vowels that follow it.

Vowels Edit

Dragoc Edit

Front Back
Close i ɨᵝ~ʉ~y (o~ʊ)
Mid Long
Short ɛ ɔ
Open a

/i/ and /iː/, /u/ and /uː/, as well as /a/ and /aː/ differ only in length, no difference in vowel quality.

Historical /u/ can be pronunced as [ɨᵝ~ɯᵝ], [ʉ~u] or [y], depending on the environment:

  • [ʉ~u] after labial consonants and nasals (including (/ɲ/)
  • [y] after /j/ and palatal(ized) consonants (except /ɲ/)
  • [ɨᵝ~ɯᵝ] everywhere else

[o~ʊ] is considered the allophone of /ɔ/ between another vowel and a syllable boundary - for example, /naɔ/ is pronounced [näo̯~näʊ̯]. In foreign words, the diphthong [au̯] also makes an appearence.

The cluster /aɛ/ can be pronounced in various ways - as [äʔɛ], [äjɛ], [äɛ̯] or even [äɪ̯], causing confusion with /ai/. Some speakers collapse the cluster to a long [æː].


Artaburro Edit

Front Back
Close i, y (u o~ʊ)
Mid Long
Short ɛ ɔ
Open a

/i/ and /iː/, /y/ and /yː/, /u/ and /uː/, as well as /a/ and /aː/ differ only in length, no difference in vowel quality.

Historical Wood Elven /u uː/ got completely fronted to /y yː/. /u uː/ appear only in loanwords, mainly from from High Elven and Etrandish.

[o~ʊ] is considered the allophone of /ɔ/ between another vowel and a syllable boundary - for example, /naɔ/ is pronounced [näo̯~näʊ̯]. In foreign words, the diphthong [au̯] also makes an appearence.

The cluster /aɛ/ can be pronounced in various ways - as [äʔɛ], [äjɛ], [äɛ̯] or even [äɪ̯], causing confusion with /ai/. Some speakers collapse the cluster to a long [æː].

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.