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Language: English


Late Classical Lizardman
Extinction: split into Common Continental Lizardman and Early Insular Lizardman around 4 000 BEKE
Language family: Lizardman
 Late Classical Lizardman
 
Writing system: Lizardman cuneiforms

Template:Infobox Language/IPA notice

Early Classical Lizardman was the language of the Ancient Lizardman Empire between around 15 000 BEKE and 9 000 BEKE. Many of the changes that shaped the language's evolution took palce in this period of time.

Evolution from Early Classical Lizardman Edit

  • The retroflex and palatal sibilant series /ʈ͡ʂʰ ʈ͡ʂ ɖ͡ʐ ʂ ʐ/ and /t͡ɕʰ t͡ɕ d͡ʑ ɕ ʑ/ merge into a post-alveolar series /t͡ʃʰ t͡ʃ d͡ʒ ʃ ʒ/
  • The voiced sibilant fricatives /z ʒ/ merge with the affricates /d͡z d͡ʒ/
  • The bilabial /m pʰ p b/ labiodentalize to /ɱ~ʋ f f v/ before /j/ and /w/
  • The palatal and retroflex nasals /ɳ ɲ/ merge with the rhotic /ɻ/
  • The medial /w/ disappears after all initials but the velar /ŋ kʰ k x ɣ/
  • Open-syllable mergers:
    • /i/ and /ei̯/ as /ei̯/
    • /y/, /ø/, /øi̯/ and /øu̯/ as /øy̯/
    • /u/, /o/ and /ou̯/ as /ou̯/
  • /jaj/ becomes /ɛj/

Phonotactics Edit

  • An optional initial
  • An optional glide /j/, /ɥ/ or /w/
  • A mandatory vowel
  • An optional coda-position consonant or tone

Initials Edit

Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Plain Sibilant
Nasal m, ɱ~ʋ n ŋ
Stop Aspirated t͡sʰ ʈʰ t͡ʃʰ
Plain p t t͡s ʈ t͡ʃ k (ʔ)
Voiced b d d͡z ɖ d͡ʒ
Fricative Voiceless f s ʃ x~h
Voiced v ɣ~ɦ
Approximant l ɻ j, ɥ w ʁ

Finals Edit

j w m n ŋ ◌˩˥ ◌˥˩ ɻ
a ai̯ au̯ am an ap̚ at̚ ak̚ a˩˥ a˥˩
ɒ ɒi̯ ɒu̯ ɒm ɒn ɒŋ ɒp̚ ɒt̚ ɒk̚ ɒ˩˥ ɒ˥˩ ɒɻ
ɛ ɛi̯ ɛu̯ ɛm ɛn ɛŋ ɛp̚ ɛt̚ ɛk̚ ɛ˩˥ ɛ˥˩ ɛɻ
e ei̯ eu̯ em en ep̚ et̚ ek̚ e˩˥ e˥˩
ə - əu̯ əm ən əŋ əp̚ ət̚ ək̚ ə˩˥ ə˥˩ əɻ
o oi̯ ou̯ om - op̚ - ok̚ o˩˥ o˥˩ -
ø øy̯ øm øn øŋ øp̚ øt̚ øk̚ ø˩˥ ø˥˩ øɻ
i - iu̯ im in ip̚ it̚ ik̚ i˩˥ i˥˩
u - - um - up̚ - uk̚ u˩˥ u˥˩ -
y - - ym yn yp̚ yt̚ yk̚ y˩˥ y˥˩
  • Open-syllable mergers:
    • former /i/ and /ei̯/ as /ei̯/
    • former /y/, /ø/, /øi̯/ and /øu̯/ as /øy̯/
    • former /u/, /o/ and /ou̯/ as /ou̯/

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