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Language: English


Keldorni Etrandish
Total speakers: 25 000
Language family: Torgyrian
 Elven
  Human
   Keldorni Etrandish 
Writing system: High Elven

Template:Infobox Language/IPA notice

The Keldorni Etrandish language is the main language of the Republic of Keldorn, split off from Middle Etrandish around 150 AEKE, heavily influenced by the Gabyrian language.

Evolution and differences from Middle Etrandish Edit

Vowels Edit

  • The short /i y u/ never laxed to [ɪ ʏ ʊ], remaining [i y u]
  • The diphthongs /ɐi̯ ɐu̯/ remained [ɐi̯ ɐu̯] before /l r/, while they monophthongized to [ɛː ɔː] in mainstream Middle Etrandish around 350 AEKE. Hence, [ɛː] does not appear in Keldorni Etrandish.
  • The open-mid vowels /ɛ œ ɔ/ got raised to [e̞ ø̞ o̞].
  • The schwa /ə/ got merged with /ø/.
  • /ɔu̯/ merged with /oː/

Consonants Edit

  • Keldorni Etrandish preserved the distinction between the voiced [w] and voiceless [ʍ], the voiced [r~ɾ~ɹ] and voiceless [r̥].
  • The voiced fricative /z/ got affricated to /d͡z/ everywhere but in the syllable coda.
  • While in Etrand Etrandish, voiceless stops became aspirated and modally voiced stops became slack-voiced (everywhere but medially, where they remaiend fully voiced), in Keldorni Etrandish, voiceless stops remained unaspirated and modally voiced stops remained fully voiced.

Phonology Edit

Consonants Edit

Labial Dental Palatal Velar
Plain Sibilant Plain Labialized
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop Voiceless p t t͡s t͡ʃ k
Voiced b d d͡z~z d͡ʒ g
Fricative f v θ ð s ʃ h~x~ç
Approximant l j (ʎ) w ʍ
Rhotic r* r̥*
  • /r/ is pronounced differently depending on the environment:
    • Trilled [r] word-initially and when geminated.
    • Flapped [ɾ] between two vowels, and after consonants
    • Approximant [ɹ] in the syllable coda.
  • Voiced stops are always fully voiced, except before a voiceless sound, where they either become slack-voiced, or completely devoiced.
  • Voiceless stops are unaspirated. Word-initially, they may be slightly aspirated.
  • The affricate /d͡z/ is deaffricated to [z] in the syllable coda.

Vowels Edit

Monophthongs Edit

Front Back
Unrounded Rounded
Close Long
Short i y u
Mid Long øː
Short ø̞
Open Long aː (ɔː)
Short (æ) ɑ (ɒ)
  • [ɒ ɔː] exist only as allophones of /ɑ aː/ before /l r/.
  • [æ] exists only as the allophone of /e/ before /l r k ŋ/.

Diphthongs Edit

Fronted Backed
Close ui̯
Mid ei̯ øi̯ oi̯
Open ɐi̯ ɐu̯

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